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Having Something That You Don'T Own: Apud Possessive Constructions In Latin And A Comparison With Locative Possessive Sentences In Irish

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Chapter Summary

In Latin, since Plautus' time, the predication of possession is expressed by two main sentence-types: the dative construction, i.e., mihi est x, where esse displays the function of an existential verbwhose subject x represents the possessed item (PSM) and the complement in the dative case is the possessor (PSR); and the construction habeo x, that displays the characters normally observed in a possessive predicative construction centered around a transitive verb. The linguistic material of Latin and Irish is (partly) different, but the functional interplay between "major" and "minor" possessive constructions is essentially the same. The general principle represented by the polysemic scope of the main possessive types can then be regarded as based on a potential set of semantic oscillations that can be adjusted according to the different structural features of a given language.

Keywords: Irish; Latin; Plautus'; possessed item (PSM); possessor (PSR)



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