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The Consular Service In Russia: Past Problems, New Challenges

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Chapter Summary

This chapter aims to study three new features of China's consular service, including multi-agency partnership, standardization and proactiveness. With the increase in the number of governmental agencies involved, the consular service has to be provided through a multi-agency partnership. China's consular service can be classified as two types: documentary service; and consular assistance or consular protection. Generally speaking, the change in China's consular system was a natural response by China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) to external pressure. This pressure came from three sources: first, the sharp increase in the number of citizens going abroad; second, the special political significance that Chinese leaders attached to consular service; and third, the broad coverage of consular cases by the media. These three factors combined to multiply the MFA's workload, thus necessitating reform.

Keywords:China; consular service reform; ministry of foreign affairs (MFA); multi-agency partnership

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