Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

A History Of The French Consular Services

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

Reinvented in the Middle Ages by merchant guilds in the Mediterranean region, and then claimed by the central power, consuls became the engine and guarantors of French commercial expansion. They were the ones to protect merchant navigation and colonies abroad. However, at the end of the First World War, French consuls lost the essential part of their commercial attributions and ended up as nothing more than foreign-based civil servants. This chapter briefly focuses on this evolution from the institutions birth through its climax to its relative decline by going through the central administrations construction and functioning and describing the development of consul attributions, as well as recruitment and pay. Over the 500 years that separated the beginning of the consular institution from its zenith during the early twentieth century, France managed to endow itself progressively with an effective consular administration and a network of increasingly widespread agencies.

Keywords: central administration; consular institution; French commercial expansion; French consuls; middle ages

10.1163/ej.9789004188761.i-334.96
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004188761.i-334.96
dcterms_subject,pub_keyword
6
3
Loading

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Consular Affairs and Diplomacy — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation