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Isis In Roman Dakhleh: Goddess Of The Village, The Province, And The Country

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Chapter Summary

The importance of Isis throughout the Roman Empire coincides with a high status of the goddess in her country of origin. This chapter demonstrates how Isis functioned on the local level of a specific community and secondly, how the complexity of the goddess would have been experienced at the level of the individual living in Roman Egypt. Recent archaeological investigations in the oases of the Western Desert have provided extensive new evidence for the cult of Isis in the Great Oasis, or the Southern Oasis as it was known in Egyptian inscriptions. There are currently three temples known in Dakhleh, in which Isis has been included in the wall decoration from the Roman period. These are the temples of Ismant el-Kharab (Kellis), Deir el-Hagar and Ain Birbiyeh. The Gegengabe contains the gifts of the goddess in exchange for the ritual act carried out by the ruler in the scenes.

Keywords:Ain Birbiyeh; Deir el-Hagar; Egyptian inscriptions; Isis; Ismant el-Kharab; Roman Dakhleh



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