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Two Summulae, Two Ways Of Doing Logic: Peter Of Spain’s ‘Realism’ And John Buridan’s ‘Nominalism’

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Chapter Summary

This chapter begins by clarifying the key notions of 'dialectic', 'probability', 'argument' and 'informal argumentation'. For Domingo de Soto and Fonseca, as for many others, talk about arguments was couched in terms of talk about consequential and argumentation. Roughly speaking, a consequence is an argument in the sense already defined, but there was considerable overlap, both with the notion of entailment or implication, since some people felt that only a valid argument could count as a consequence, and with the notion of inference as performance. Both Soto and Fonseca show the effects of Renaissance humanism so far as their writing style and examples are concerned, Fonseca to a far larger extent than Soto. For both Soto and Fonseca, the scope of logic and the logical methods to be adopted remain very much what they were for medieval logicians.

Keywords:Domingo de Soto; Fonseca; informal arguments; medieval logicians



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