Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Authoritarian Persistence And Barriers To Democracy In The Muslim Middle East: Beyond Cultural Essentialism

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this chapter

+ Tax (if applicable)

Chapter Summary

This chapter explores the origin of political Islam and its various interpretations as result of exogenous and indigenous developments. Islam as political ideology emerged in response to the expansion of Europe and the decline of the Islamic empires in the nineteenth century. The consequence of a fragmented society was an amalgamation of social and political powers within the embrace of political elites. The chapter discusses various manifestations of modern Islamic political ideology. The global resurgence of a fundamentalist variant of political Islam is a response to unsuccessful attempts by secular-authoritarian regimes of Muslim countries to modernize politics and society, spur socio-economic development, and create democracy. The chapter analyzes the question of 'Islam', authoritarian persistence and the lack of democracy in the Middle East. The key to understanding democratic transition lies in the nature of state/society-relations rather than the nature of society's norms, values or religions, as argued by cultural essentialists.

Keywords: authoritarian persistence; democratic transition; Islamic political ideology; Muslim Middle East; political elites



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    World Religions and Multiculturalism — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation