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Chile’s Neoliberal Reversion Of Salvador Allende’s Copper Nationalization

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Chapter Summary

In order to understand the current political situation in Chile and the need for constitutional change, some historical references are necessary. The Pinochet dictatorship integrally embraced the 1996 National Party Manifesto, seeking to establish that 'organic democracy' regime with military participation and a free market. Some of the elements characterizing the current Constitution are: its illegitimate origin; its anti-democratic nature; its nonrecognition of fundamental human rights; its establishment and consolidation of the free market economic system and consequent failure to recognize the role of the state in promoting economic and social development, limiting it to a subsidiary role; and its vocation for perpetuity. In view of the failures of nineteen years of unfinished transition, a Movement for a Constitutional Assembly has emerged, calling for a popular self-summoning to force a significant change.

Keywords:Chile; eternal transition; Pinochet dictatorship



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