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Chapter Summary

Chile transformed itself completely during the 20th century in a single process, presided over by the state. However, the successive strategies that guided its action divide it sharply in two periods violently confronted against one another, usually known as developmentalism and the Washington Consensus. The evolution of developmentalism in Chile is divided into two main phases, each one with short singular periods. As with developmentalism, the Washington Consensus period in Chile was divided into two very different phases: the dictatorship and the eternal transition to democracy. The process of change involved all realms of society that were strongly interlinked, mainly including the economy, the labor market, social service provisions and, most especially, the role of the state. As with developmentalism, neoliberalism has been adopted in many different forms.

Keywords:Chile; counter-revolution; developmentalism; neoliberalism



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