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Chilean Social Movements In Confrontation With Neoliberalism

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Chapter Summary

During the 1960s, Chile needed to increase its overall exports, and among them, copper played a major role. Salvador Allende's message argued that because copper is the main Chilean basic resource, and because copper nationalization leads to the Second National Independence, it should be enacted within the Constitution. In spite of denationalization, CODELCO and ENAMI continue to prove that foreign capital is not needed in Chilean copper. The Organic Education Law (LOCE), the legislation privatizing Chilean education as well as the Constitutional Organic Law of Mining Concessions enabling copper privatization and de-nationalization are closely interrelated. Both were created during the Dictatorship and are based on the principles of neoliberalism and the social and economic model imposed on Chile. Chile must vindicate its proprietary rights over its natural resources that have been expropriated by foreign corporations and by an unconstitutional law.

Keywords:Chile; CODELCO; copper nationalization; neoliberalism; organic education law (LOCE); Salvador Allende

10.1163/ej.9789004188952.i-286.96
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