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The Era Of Silence

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Chapter Summary

Throughout history, women have suffered from mass rape during times of war. The historical development of women's rights in war and their anchoring in international law took place in a non-uniform manner. At the end of WWII, international tribunals were established in Nuremberg (the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg (IMT)) and in Tokyo (the International Military Tribunal for the Far East (IMTFE)). These tribunals prosecuted the major war criminals for "crimes of war", "crimes against peace" and "crimes against humanity". In the Era of Silence when the Nuremberg trials took place, sexual crimes, along with pillage, were viewed as inevitable aspects of war, and therefore unpunishable. In addition to this equating of rape with pillage, a further obstacle presented itself: the prosecutors shied away from the subject as if it were simply too distasteful.

Keywords: IMT; IMTFE; international law; Nuremberg; rape; Tokyo; women's right

10.1163/ej.9789004189126.i-182.19
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