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A New Direction – Towards A New Era?

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Chapter Summary

Women's organizations and many scholars made significant contributions towards breaking down the stereotypes and misconceptions about all types of sex crimes. In 1993, feminist women became involved in international humanitarian law in order to fight against the atrocious crimes. They also sought to use them as a platform for feminist change of the international criminal law. The wars lead to the establishment of two international criminal tribunals-one for the former Yugoslavia (the ICTY) and one for Rwanda (the ICTR), which both prosecuted sex crimes against women. These tribunals made great progress with respect to the treatment of sex crimes during war in international law. Sex crimes were no longer related to as offenses that were subordinate to other serious crimes, but were treated instead as independent international crimes which stood on their own two feet.

Keywords: ICTR; ICTY; international law; Rwanda; sex crimes; Yugoslavia



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