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Competing For Identity Within A Greco-Roman Milieu

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Chapter Summary

This chapter explores the extent to which Luke and Justin lay claim to the Jewish scriptures as part of an effort to articulate the identity of the Christ-believing community in relation to their wider Greco-Roman context. To provide a framework for this comparison, author briefly note the common ways that early Jewish and Christian apologists appeal to the Jewish scriptures for this purpose: 1) the presentation of the Jewish scriptures as a source of truth that is older than, or superior to, non-Jewish traditions; 2) the depiction of the study of the scriptures as a form of philosophical inquiry that rivals that of Greek philosophical schools; and 3) the portrayal of the Mosaic law as an exemplary, or superior, form of legislation and ethical guidance. The chapter shows that Luke appropriation of the Jewish scriptures differs substantially from that of Justin as well as other early Jewish and Christian apologists.

Keywords: Christ-believing community; Greco-Roman Milieu; Jewish scriptures; Justin; Luke



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