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The Log As A Reflection Of The Practice Of Navigation

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Chapter Summary

This chapter deals with the art of navigation, which developed out of the art of pilotage, to meet the needs of the oceanic sailor who wished to find his position when out of sight of land. The most important source of information for the sea route to Asia was the aforenoted Jan Huygen van Linschoten. The same patterns of winds and ocean currents which determined the course on the voyage out to Asia also determined the return voyage from Batavia. John Anderson was an experienced sailor. He had circumnavigated the globe and had made at least three voyages to the East Indies. To establish an accurate longitude is far more difficult than to measure Latitude. There was no standard meridian in use in the seventeenth century. It was a major problem to maintain accurate time-keeping on board a ship. Currents provide a second source of energy for ships.

Keywords: Asia; Batavia; Jan Huygen van Linschoten; John Anderson; latitude; navigation; pilotage; standard meridian; Voyage



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