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The Parable Of The Two Sons: Text And Exegesis

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Chapter Summary

The aim of modern text-critics is to produce a text that is as close to the original authors writing, as they always are on the chance survival of a small proportion of all the ms. Textual variants that affect meaning by definition influence exegesis. Ones understanding of Marks intentions differs according to whether his opening verse includes the words Son of God or not. The parable in Matthew appears in three main differing forms, Form 1, Form 2, and Form 3. A different argument in favour of the originality in Matthew of the sequence in Form 2 is found in an article by J. D. M. Derrett. Form 1 matches Jesus application in v. 31b where the tax-gatherers and prostitutes precede the chief priests and elders into the Kingdom. In Form 3 the judgement of the hearers must differ from Jesus, hence his tirade against their answer.

Keywords: 'Son of God'; exegesis; Marks intentions; Matthew; Parable

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