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The New Testament Text In The Second Century: A Challenge For The Twenty-First Century

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Chapter Summary

In the case of the New Testament there is a significant gap between the dates of the original compositions and the period in which the earliest, complete, surviving manuscripts begin to emerge. The majority of the existing manuscripts have come into the scholarly domain only in the twentieth century. The second century was a time when matters such as the relationship of Jesus to God was being debated and when pressures from gnosticism and other movements inevitably caused church leaders to defend what they increasingly began to refer to as the traditional faith. Finally the author refers also to the three early Jewish-Christian gospels also to be found in a collection of New Testament apocrypha and these display similar characteristics.

Keywords: Jewish-Christian gospels; New Testament; second century



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