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Chapter Summary

A social phenomenon can be symbolised as (a) A = {Ar, Ap}, and, similarly, a different social phenomenon can be symbolised as {Br, Bp}, where the curly brackets indicate unity and the superscripts refer to the realised and the potential state. First, {Ar, Ap}, indicates the unity of identity and difference. Second, {Ar, Ap} indicates also the unity of opposites, inasmuch as the potential features of a phenomenon are opposite to its realised aspects. Third, {Ar, Ap} indicates the unity of essence and appearance. The relation (δ) expresses the relation between social phenomena both as determinant and determined, both as realised and as potential, both as emerging from social phenomena and from individual phenomena. is the most concise rendition of dialectical determination in social reality. It represents from a dialectical, class-, perspective the building block of society, the cell out of which the constantly changing social structure is made.

Keywords: social phenomenon; unity of essence and appearance; unity of identity and difference; unity of opposites



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