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The Discovery Of Manichaean Paintings In Japan And Their Historical Background

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Chapter Summary

Manichaeism survived the longest in China. The author affirms that at least seven Manichaean paintings are preserved in Japan, but they have all been discovered only during the past three years. This chapter explains the circumstances leading to their discovery. It examines that Nestorian Christian Image is not a Nestorian painting, but a Manichaean painting of Jesus, but even though the conclusions differ, the significance of Izumis work deserves to be highly rated. The chapter concerns with the silk painting held by Seiunji in Yamanashi prefecture, which is discussed by Izumi Takeo with reference to colour photographs of the painting. Olschkis article dispelled any lingering doubts about identifying this community as Manichaeans, and further decisive proof was provided with the discovery of a bilingual epitaph in Syro-Turkic and Chinese unearthed at Quanzhou, the existence of which was brought to the attention of academic circles by Wu Wenliang and Enoki Kazuo.

Keywords: bilingual epitaph; Japan; Manichaean paintings; Quanzhou; silk painting; Syro-Turkic



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