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Jesus, Mani, And Augustine

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Chapter Summary

The longstanding discussion over Manichaeisms connections with Christianity was boosted by the discovery of documents emanating from Manichaeans themselves, including Chinese, Proto-Turkish, and Iranian texts from northwest China at the beginning of the 20th century, a library in Coptic in 1930, and the Cologne Mani Codex (CMC) that surfaced in 1969. These demonstrate that Jesus was included in the Urform of Manis religion. Augustines long reply, composed sometime between 397 and 400, to the Capitula of the Manichaean bishop Faustus of Milevis shows that christology is an important part of both Faustus work and Augustines refutation. Preaching at the beginning of the fifth centuryshortly after Contra Faustum, Augustine evokes language that resonates with a term from the reply to Faustus: Christ, after all, is our welfare and salvation.

Keywords: Augustine; Cologne Mani Codex (CMC); Jesus christ; Manis religion; Manichaeism

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