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The Doctrine Of The Soul In Manichaeism And Augustine

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Chapter Summary

The structural relationship existing between the substance of God and the substance of the Soul in Manichaeism, starting with its initial mythological hypostatisation in the divine pentad of the sons of Primordial Man, defines the Souls functional ambiguity, whereby it represents both the subject and object of salvation. The rhetorical effectiveness of the reasoning, which Augustine intends to strengthen by quoting the very words of the Manichaeans, to expose the contradiction in the concept of the repentance of each of the two souls, significantly emphasises their ontological diversity. The radical dualism of Manichaean ontology whichwith the opposition of two homogeneous and compact substances structurally commands and determines the anthropological conception of the system, places in evidence the active role of the second principle, to which is attributed directly the constitution of the five powers.

Keywords: Augustine; Manichaean ontology



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