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'Traditional' Jola Peacemaking: From The Perspective Of An Historian And An Anthropologist

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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the historical and cultural roots of reconciliation and peace in contemporary Casamance, Senegal. Local actors in the peace process situate themselves as the heirs of indigenous tradition. Regarding the recent efforts to end the civil strife that has afflicted the Casamance since 1982, we find ourselves in the position of having different perspectives: one of us is an anthropologist, while the other is both an historian and a participant, though admittedly to a limited extent in terms of the latter category. The chapter talks about traditional peacemakers, or at least about what 'traditional' means in this context. The women's organization Usoforal (Comité Régional de Solidarité des Femmes), for example, anchors its social role in working for peace in a conscious and direct reference to the longstanding efforts of women in Lower Casamance society in working to limit or end conflicts.

Keywords: anthropologist; traditional peacemakers; women's organization



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