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Character And Civil Society

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Chapter Summary

Many of the themes found in the "Prospects for Democracy: Individualism/Collectivism as Sources of Association/ Community" is presented in this chapter with the emphasis on how values reflect what an aroused citizenry, or an apathetic citizenry, are concerned about or not, and why. One way to relate the structure of a society to the characters of the people who make up that society is to notice the kinds of things Emile Durkheim emphasized in his famous book, The Division of Labor in Society. Initiative in government typically derives from (1) paternalism from elites, (2) limited government derived from local initiatives and responsibilities that combines paternalism from elites, particularly through bureaucratic means, with democratic oversight and (3) direct democratic input from the mass of people that is reflected at the local and/or national levels.

Keywords: civil society; paternalism



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