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Janusz Korczak – His Legacy And Its Relevance For Children’s Rights Today

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Chapter Summary

Janusz Korczak died in August 1942, in the Nazis' extermination camp Treblinka. He died together with the children from his Jewish orphanage in Warsaw and he died for them, giving them hope in a situation of despair. The life and work of Janusz Korczak is well-documented, and his ideas are still proclaimed and referred to in many countries. Together with his confidante Stefa Wilczynska, Korczak opened in 1911 Dom Sierot (Orphans' Home), a shelter for Jewish orphans. This offered him a chance to do more for the poorest children than prescribe medicine which could not alleviate their squalor. The Children's Court consisted of five child judges, who were elected weekly by the other children. Janusz Korczak's life and work show that his pedagogic concepts reflect many notions of the sociology of childhood in several respects.

Keywords: childhood; Children's Court; Dom Sierot; Janusz Korczak



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