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Solomon Ben Moses Melguiri And The Transmission Of Knowledge From Latin Into Hebrew

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Chapter Summary

This chapter summarizes Solomon ben Moses Melguiri's biography and personal links with Jewish and Christian scholars, illustrating one of Gad Freudenthal's major concerns, the transmission of Latin science into Hebrew. On the basis of a considerable body of medieval Hebrew scientific translations, Freudenthal has recently analyzed the cultural habits behind the preference for Arabic over Latin scientific sources. Learned Jewish circles in Provence, he writes, preferred to rely on Arabic sources imported from the Iberian Peninsula, rather than turn to the Latin writings of their neighbors. Only in medicine was there a significant absorption of Latin learning. Melguiris command of Latin was rare among Jews in southern France at the time. The chapter examines particular cultural and social settings to explain the motives behind his scholarly work.

Keywords: Hebrew scientific translations; Iberian Peninsula; Latin science; Solomon Ben Moses Melguiri



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