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Flavius Josephus In Rome

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Chapter Summary

This paper deals with the resistance by Jewish rebels led by a certain so-called Galilean, Judas against the Roman census. Judas regarded submission to human rulers as contravening the first of the Ten Commandments. Therefore his adherents opposed Roman taxation, because everybody who paid taxes acknowledged the legitimacy of the government. Josephus does not conceal the religious underpinning of the rebellion, but he also does not make it a pivotal point in his narrative. The paper attempts to throw light on Josephus' report by way of additional sources which illuminate the religious reasons for the rebellion. The first text is a part of the refutation of Christian heretical groups written by Hippolytus. The second text comes from an anonymous author who wrote a treatise concerned with Christian heretics that included a brief passage on Jewish groups.

Keywords: Christian; galilean; jewish groups; Josephus; judas



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