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Convenient Fiction Or Causal Factor? The Questioning Of Jewish Antiquity According To Against Apion 1.2

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter, the author analyzes the following question: What is the relationship between what Josephus wrote and his actual situation in Rome, his actual audience, the actual response to his writings, etc.? Evidence for the wide recognition of Jewish antiquity is found within Against Apion. In Against Apion Josephus deliberately casts the attacks on Jewish character as Egyptian and the questioning of Jewish antiquity as Greek. The chapter discusses Josephus failure to identify his critics. This is followed by a discussion on Jewish antiquity and Josephus rhetorical strategies. Instead of making attempts to picture Jews and Judaism in Greek dress as in Antiquities, Josephus frames Against Apion as a presentation of his native culture in Roman terms. Steve Mason has repeatedly argued that Josephus addresses an audience of benevolent gentiles throughout his writings. Josephus continues to address exactly the same kind of audience.

Keywords: Against Apion; Antiquities; Jewish antiquity; Josephus; Rome



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