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States, Sanctions And Soft Law: An Analysis Of Differing Approaches To Business And Human Rights Frameworks

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Chapter Summary

This chapter compares and contrasts two different approaches to managing the challenge facing corporations and the international community: the approach suggested by the late Professor Thomas Wälde that "soft law" can effectively lead to "hard sanctions" and the tripartite framework advanced by Professor John Ruggie pursuant to his mandate as the Special Representative of the Secretary General on Business and Human Rights. The chapter concludes with the suggestion that combining the two visions could provide an effective method of ensuring the compliance of corporations and transnational corporations (TNCs) with human rights concepts.

Keywords: business operations; human rights; John Ruggie; soft law; Thomas Wälde; transnational corporations (TNCs)



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