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Who Represents Hungarian Women? The Demise Of The Liberal Bourgeois Women’s Rights Movement And The Rise Of The Right-Wing Women’s Movement In The Aftermath Of World War I

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Chapter Summary

At the beginning of the twentieth century, Polish women living in all three partitions not only lacked political rights but were also denied freedom of association. One of the voluntary military associations established after World War I to defend the Polish territory was the Ochotnicza Legia Kobiet (OLK).The OLK was the first Polish women's military organisation. Commemoration of women's contribution to the war effort was centred on the activities of female soldiers and women from auxiliary units and military groups like the OLK or the Polska Organizacja Wojskowa (Polish Military Organisation). The granting of women's suffrage in November 1918 sparked a vivid debate on women's place in politics. In the post-war years, the activism of women in civic organisations was hampered by archaic legislation requiring a husband's consent before his wife could join any organisation.

Keywords:civic organisations; commemoration; Ochotnicza Legia Kobiet (OLK); Polish women; women's suffrage; World War I



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