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Diverse Constructions: Feminist And Conservative Women’s Movements And Their Contribution To The (Re-)Construction Of Gender Relations In Hungary After The First World War

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Chapter Summary

Less is known about Elsa Brändström's contribution to the reintegration of returning POWs and their families in post-war German and Austrian society, and to the concomitant reconstruction of gender roles. This chapter seeks to fill a significant gap in the historical record. It first examines Elsa Brändström's activities during the Russian civil war from 1918 to 1920, and in particular her efforts to secure the repatriation of former German and Austrian prisoners trapped by the fighting in the Caucasus, Siberia and Russian Central Asia. The chapter then looks at her work with returnees and their families in Germany after 1922, and at her role in the movement for international reconciliation and peace, especially at the time of the 1923 Ruhr crisis. It ends with some broader comments on the significance of Elsa Brändström's work for the question of women's activism in the aftermath of the First World War more generally.

Keywords:Austrian society; Elsa Brändström; First World War; Germany; prisoners of war; women's activism



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