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The Language And Preservation Of Documents

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Chapter Summary

The chancery language used in the ulus of Djochi is today called Khwarezmian Turkic as it developed in Khwarezm, then belonging to Djochis ulus, and derived predominantly from western Turkic, Kipchak dialects. The prominence of Turkic literary language, based on Kipchak dialects, was not limited to Tatar chanceries. Apart from Khwarezmian Turkic, then a mixture of Tatar and Ottoman- Turkish, and finally pure Ottoman-Turkish, all recorded in Arabic script, the Crimean chancery used other languages as well. In the Polish Crown Archives, official translations are preserved on separate sheets of paper or on the reverse side of original documents in Turkish. Their legal value was analogous to the validity of official copies, entered into the Crown Register. Valued as a handy chancery manual, it assumed a semi-official character and found its way to the libraries of Polish and Lithuanian statesmen, who ordered its purchase or copying.

Keywords: Crimean chancery; Crimean documents; Lithuanian Register; Polish Crown Archives; Tatar chanceries; Turkic literary language



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