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On The Quest Of Genghisid Legacy: Shaping Eastern Europe (1240–1523)

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Chapter Summary

In the 14th century, the court culture of the Golden Horde underwent gradual Islamization, accompanied by Turkization. In the western provinces of the Genghisid Empire, Mongols constituted a tiny minority while Turks, especially those speaking western, Kipchak dialects, prevailed both in the khans army and among the conquered inhabitants of the Black Sea steppes. With time, Turkic and Turkified inhabitants of the Golden Horde came to be known as Tatars. The Lithuanian instrument of peace, issued in Ruthenian, was dated 5 September 1513. Invoking the ancient friendship between Sigismunts and Mengli Girays predecessors, the document recalled Tokhtamish, Hadji Giray, Vladislaus Jagiello, Vytautas, Sigismund, and Casimir. In the nineteenth century, after both Poland-Lithuania and the Crimean Khanate had disappeared from the political map of Europe in result of the Russian expansion, Polish historiography began to obsessively look for a point of no return.

Keywords: Crimean Khanate; Europe; Genghisid Empire; Golden Horde; Lithuanian instrument; Mengli Giray; peace; Poland; Tatars; Tokhtamish



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