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Chapter Summary

The works of the Jesuit Antnio Vieira are worthy of study and further discussion due to his double role as the missionary of the Amazon River and as the King of Portugal s diplomat in Europe after the end of the Iberian Union in 1640. Christians in particular also follow two main interpretational tendencies: one of a pessimistic tone and another based on an optimistic interpretation of the end of history. The main purpose of this study, as mentioned previously, is to observe how a 17th-century theory about the Fifth Empire and the succession of empires is similar to or different from the 2nd-century B.C. theory introduced by the book of Daniel. The eschatological works of Antnio Vieira still represent the part of his work that is least known, both to scholars and to the public.

Keywords: 17th-century theory; Christian tradition; fifth empire; Jesuit António Vieira



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