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Anthropology As A Representation Of Humanity

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Chapter Summary

This chapter focuses on the possibility of a hermeneutic phenomenological self-inquiry of human existence. It examines studies from the field of empirical social anthropology in experimental economics. Besides the economic background of experimental studies, it is necessary to discuss the claim that they offer empirical explanations [Realerklärungen]. The chapter approaches this topic from the perspective of philosophy of science, which will also serve to reveal the constructedness of experimental methodology. It section demonstrates that economic game and decisionmaking theory presents the social togetherness of human beings as the coordination of their rational benefit calculations. The chapter also examines the modeling of two prosocial behavioral patterns that, in the opinion of experimental economics, represent an important precondition for the emergence of cooperation (human sociality). In addition to the psychological and biological understandings of altruism, there is also an understanding that is, in the narrow sense, moral-philosophical.

Keywords:altruism; decisionmaking theory; economic game; empirical social anthropology; experimental economics; human sociality



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