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Chapter Summary

Since antiquity, sociality has been considered a basic condition of human existence. Aristotle already spoke of the human being as a zoon politikon, and Seneca used the term homo sociale. Phenomenological criticism is based on the intuition that the unique characteristics of an object of description show themselves precisely in the object's appearance, in its phenomenality to the observer. This applies to experiences in the lifeworld [Lebenswelt] as well as to the scientific analysis of an object. The multitude of appearances of an object is resistant to further analysis and cannot be resolved by interdisciplinary discourse or otherwise. A move toward relational anthropology can thereby be observed in the more recent debates of social philosophy.

Keywords:Aristotle; homo sociale; social philosophy; zoon politikon



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