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Stalinist Constitutionalism

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Chapter Summary

An example of a theoretically-based constitutionalism as a theory of society within society is Stalinist constitutionalism. The notion of a "Soviet type" or "Stalinist" constitutionalism originates in the constitution adopted by Stalin in 1936 in the Soviet Union. Apart from the terror and threat of military intervention, Stalinist constitutions were characterized by a quite distinct semantics expressed in specific provisions and principles. An important feature of Stalinist constitutionalism is its axiology. This axiology comprised a particular legacy of European Enlightenment in its version closest to the natural sciences and to Saint-Simonian visions of the industrialized society. It justified - in the eyes of its proponents and adherents inside and outside Eastern Europe - all means aimed at radical social reform.

Keywords: axiology; military intervention; Saint Simonian; Soviet army; stalinist constitutionalism



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