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Chapter Summary

The BCP had recourse to the influential and politically powerful national idea to accomplish its own political aims. It adopted a systematic and extensive nationalist discourse as a means to gain popular support and consolidate its power. The BCP, a self-proclaimed Marxist party and a member of the Com-intern, followed the path of the international communist movement. The role of the undisputed leader of the BCP in the 1940s, Georgi Dimitrov, in adopting the 'national line' was significant even since the Leipzig trial. Marxist nationalism was a syncretic discourse recasting earlier discursive elements in a new way. It utilised a bourgeois nationalist discourse derived from the French Revolution in order to unambiguously identify the state with the people and the nation as well as to demonstrate the compatibility of popular sovereignty with the sentiment of nationality.

Keywords: BCP; bourgeois nationalist discourse; Georgi Dimitrov; Marxist nationalism



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