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Cognitive Theory And The Relation Between The Scholastic And Mystical Modes Of Theology: Why Denys The Carthusian Outlawed Durandus Of Saint-Pourçain

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Chapter Summary

Denys the Carthusian's dialectical, historical account of scholastic theology indicates that from Henry of Ghent and Godfrey of Fontaines onward, and notably among the early fourteenth-century theologians who responded to, or developed, their teachings, the old question of the relation between faith and reason shifted to a focus on the cognitive status of faith and the theology that flows from it. Henry of Ghents and Denyss differing accounts of the cognitive status of faith and theology, strengthened and expanded by further perfective supernatural illuminations, presuppose a metaphysical doctrine of participation, and accordingly a certain isomorphy between the orders of being and the orders of knowing. Durandus of Saint-Pourain's dismissive response to Henrys positing of a lumen medium, borrowed from Godfrey, wherein he says that he sees no evidence of such illumination in the faculty of theology, bespeaks a new, institutionally-bound conception of the study of theology.

Keywords: cognitive theory; Denys the Carthusian; Durandus of Saint-Pourain; mystical theology; scholastic theology



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