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Medicine And Arts In Thirteenth-Century Paris

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Chapter Summary

This chapter considers the relation between arts and medicine, not in the later years when it was moving towards the state in which it was fixed by Martin V, but in the first century or so of university medical education, roughly between 1220 and 1330; it is looking specifically at two schools where arts and medicine existed in separate faculties, Paris and Montpellier. It is a period for which the author has comparatively little direct institutional evidence, and he freely concedes at the outset that he is inevitably offering large quantities of inference and speculation; but perhaps the very freedom of these speculations helps suggest other pieces of evidence that challenges or confirms them. The chapter explains very clearly just what the arts program had to offer medicine: a broad philosophical foundation for its medical entitiesin this particular case, two of its res naturales, virtus and operatio.

Keywords: liberal arts; Martin V; medicine; philosophical foundation; thirteenth-century Paris



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