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Whence The Industrial Divergence?

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter, the author argues that the "standard" Eurocentric historiography on the rise of the West still holds much value despite the persistent criticisms it has faced in the last decades. The standard historiography includes the classical exponents of Europe's uniqueness, as well as contemporary historians and sociologists who have taken on this debate directly. The author's interest in the chapter is with the contemporary exponents. In defending their perspectives, the author goes beyond them by taking into account numerous additional sources from historians of Europe who have written about Western achievement from the Greeks onward. The chapter covers the Portuguese voyages of discovery, the Gutenberg revolution, the invention of mechanical clocks, the cartographic revolution, the Protestant reformation, the "industrial enlightenment," the "military revolution," and the "rational" mercantilist state.

Keywords:cartographic revolution; Eurocentric historians; industrial enlightenment; military revolution; Portuguese voyages

10.1163/ej.9789004192485.i-527.33
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