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The Aristocratic Egalitarianism Of Indo-Europeans And The Primordial Origins Of Western Civilization

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Chapter Summary

In this chapter, the author believes that there is a major flaw in Kojeve's philosophical account, namely the master-slave dialectic misses the essential historical role of aristocratic warriors. The author presents Charles Taylor's major philosophical work, Sources of the Self (1989). Plato represents the paradigmatic expression of the distinction between what is inside and what is outside a person. Nietzsche's concept of strife would carry greater weight in the context of the aristocratic culture that arrived into the mainland in the 2nd millennium and created Mycenaean civilization. The root of the word arête is the same as aristos, which was used in the plural to refer to the aristocracy. Christianity, no less than the Greek and the Roman legacy, has been chosen by many historians as the most important cultural foundation of the West.

Keywords:arête; aristocratic liberty; Charles Taylor; christianity; mycenaean civilization; Plato

10.1163/ej.9789004192485.i-527.80
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