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Raising Cain Genesis 4:17–26

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Chapter Summary

The Wisdom of Solomon provides one of the earliest indications that Abel was considered to be among the righteous. In Wis 10:1–21 there is a list of seven righteous heroes each of whom is paired with a wicked counterpart. In Heb 11:4 Abel is presented as a paradigmatic figure that is extolled for both his righteousness and faith. In this chapter, the author provides a definition of faith followed by a list of characters from biblical history whose faith earned them God's approval. For Christians, Abel's status as the first martyr was important due to its connection with Jesus' words in Matthew. The blood of righteous Abel became a rallying point for a number of Christians who were suffering under various forms of persecution. Related to this was the way that some used typological exegesis to turn Abel into a prototype of Christ and the church.

Keywords:Abel; Christians; Jesus

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