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The Temple Scroll: A Utopian Temple Plan For Second Temple Times

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Chapter Summary

In the Temple Scroll, the Temple plan begins with detailed instructions for the construction of the Temple building itself. Temple plan is an attempt to recreate within the temenos the Israelite camp of the desert period, which surrounded the Tabernacle. The beginning of the Temple Scroll's commands regarding the Inner Court is not preserved. The Middle Court is to be concentric with the Inner Court, surrounding it on all four sides, and located 100 cubits further out. The Outer Court is located at a distance from the Middle, arranged also concentrically. In order to highlight the uniqueness of the Temple plan of the Temple Scroll, it is useful to compare its general scheme to the plans for the Solomonic Temple, the Temple of Ezekiel 40-48, Josephus's descriptions, and tannaitic sources.

Keywords: inner court; middle court; outer court; temenos; temple scroll

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