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From Toleration To Destruction: Roman Policy And The Jewish Temple

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Chapter Summary

After four years of war, in the summer of 70 CE the Roman troops entered the Temple of Jerusalem and razed it to the ground. One century before, the Jews had fiercely fought against the Roman conquest of Judaea and the Temple of Jerusalem had been a major point of resistance. After a siege of three months, Pompey conquered Jerusalem in 63 BCE. As for the Jewish Temple, it had enjoyed the protection of foreign rulers since Persian times, when, according to the Book of Ezra, Cyrus the Great had authorized its reconstruction, which was then ratified by Darius the Great.

Keywords: Darius; Jewish temple; Roman policy; Temple of Jerusalem



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