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Preaching, Winning Converts And Educating Them: Evolving Multifaceted Strategies

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Chapter Summary

Preaching the Gospel to non-Christian people with the aim of converting them to Christianity was the fundamental role of missionaries. Interpreting how the multifaceted strategies of the Jesuits evolved over time presents its own problems. In Japan, the Jesuits constantly revised their methods throughout the second half of the sixteenth century. When Father Francisco de Xavier opened the mission to Japan, the first method he developed was a culturally accommodative, if imperfect, approach to individuals. The Jesuits succeeded the Friars in New France. True, the Jesuits did arrive in the French colony of North America earlier than the Franciscans. Yet their missions ended within three years when the French abandoned Acadia in 1613. Despite popular ideas about the methodological difference between the Franciscans and the Jesuits in the Canadian historiography, there was little factional difference between the Franciscans and the Jesuits in terms of missionary policies.

Keywords: Christianity; France; Francisco de Xavier; Gospel; Japan; Jesuits; multifaceted strategies



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