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Organising A Mission For A Christian Community: Missionary Réductions Reconsidered

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Chapter Summary

In order to convert Amerindians who lived and hunted in lands far away from French settlements in North America, the Jesuit missionaries sought to gather these Amerindians into native Christian reserves near the French colonial settlements along the Saint Lawrence River. Two interrelated issues arise from the evangelistic approach to settling Amerindians in rductions. The first issue is whether the idea for the Paraguayan reduccines was created without precedent before it was introduced into North America. The second issue is to what extent the New France rductions emulated the Paraguayan models. To seek answers to these two issues, a reconsideration of the Jesuit rductions should go as far back as the pioneer Christian communities in sixteenth-century Japan, beyond the Paraguayan models that began in the early seventeenth century. This consideration should also search for the missionary achievements beyond Europe.

Keywords: Amerindians; Christian community; France; Japan; Jesuit missionaries; North America; Paraguay

10.1163/ej.9789004192850.i-234.18
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004192850.i-234.18
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