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From One Black Atlantic To Many: Slave Regimes, Creole Societies, And Power Relationships In The Atlantic World

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Chapter Summary


This chapter discusses the case for the global scale and increased segregation of global migration from the 1830s to 1920s. After briefly summarizing that work, it considers its implications for our understanding of migration history. The chapter provides more material for the comparative study of migration flows. It suggests ways to think more carefully about the effects of human mobility, and even about the causes and nature of inequalities and differences in world history. But this is only a first step, using awareness of global migration patterns as new fodder for old questions. The questions of comparative migration studies were themselves shaped by the assumption that the great majority of historical migrations took place across the Atlantic.

Keywords:Atlantic; global migration; human mobility; migration history


With the beginning of European colonization in America, the continent of South America became a constitutive part of the developing Atlantic World. As in the colonial period, migration to Latin America until the 1870s was dominated by the coerced movement of Africans, and then also Asians to the continent. African slaves remained the largest group. The first decades after Latin American independence not only reduced immigration from Spain and Portugal but also led to return migration by some Spaniards. Migration regimes changed Latin America's position in the Atlantic World considerably in the fifty years from 1880 to 1930. Different from earlier population movements, the migration that took place after 1500 was new in that those who migrated could maintain contact with the region of their origin. The direction of most coerced and free migrations to Latin America was to a large degree determined by economic forces.

Keywords:African slaves; Atlantic world; economic forces; European colonization; Latin American; migration; Spaniards




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