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Rav Zebid Of Nehardea

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Chapter Summary

According to the geonic chronologies, Rav Dimi of Nehardea headed the academy in Pumbedita for three years after the death of R. Zebid. Analysis of his literature reveals characteristic that distinguishes him from other late Nehardean amoraim. In nearly every passage in which he appears, R. Dimi of Nehardea takes one side in a dispute and uses his own reasoning to reject a tannaitic or amoraic tradition. R. Dimi of Nehardea appears in twenty passages in the printed edition of the Bavli, and two additional times in manuscripts. He presents a halakhic opinion that is opposed to the opinion of earlier sages. His statements are usually phrased using distinct literary terminology to express his differences with the previous opinion. The main contribution of R. Dimi of Nehardea is not in the creation of new halakhot, but in the application of his own reasoning to existent halakhot with which he disagrees.

Keywords:amoraim; Bavli; halakhic opinion; Nehardea; Rav Dimi; sages; tannaitic tradition



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