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Chapter Summary

In chronologies and historiographies of the Babylonian amoraim, Amemar is identified as the last sage to be active in Nehardea during the Sasanian period. This chapter examines the proofs that serve as a basis for our postulation as to when Amemar lived, and then turns our attention to a reevaluation of earlier scholarly examinations concerning this issue. Amemar's main contribution to Babylonian rabbinic literature is his halakhic rulings. Seventeen out of nineteen of Amemar's halakhic rulings are based on logic as a halakhic or interpretive source, even if this causes his halakhic conclusions to deviate from the tannaitic or amoraic halakhic tradition. The chapter analyzes some examples which demonstrate this phenomenon. It analyzes three cases in which Amemar's halakhic decision disagrees with a halakhah found in the Mishnah. In the first two of these instances his rulings are connected specifically with Mahoza.

Keywords:Amemar; amoraic halakhic tradition; Babylonian amoraim; halakhic rulings; Mahoza; Mishnah; Nehardea; Sasanian period; tannaitic tradition



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