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Chapter Summary

The examination of the journeys of gods and culture-heroes in the first five books revealed valuable information which contributes to our understanding of Diodorus' methods in writing history and sheds light on the pagan mission in Hellenistic era. According to Diodorus, in order to be classified as a universal history, it should embrace the myths and the events of the author's own days. This is the conclusion chapter of the book which examines the tales of six heroes: Osiris, Sesostris, Semiramis, Myrina, Dionysus and Heracles - show that he did more than use one particular source for each story. Scrutinizing these tales revealed that he turned to other authorities, added information and conveyed his own thoughts and ideas. Hence there are two levels in the Bibliotheke. The first is based on the works of earlier historians. The other level represents Diodorus' own work, echoing his convictions and the events of his times.

Keywords: Bibliotheke; culture-heroes; Diodorus; Hellenistic era; Heracles; historians; Myrina; Osiris; pagan mission; universal history



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