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The Terrestrial Herpetofauna Of Martinique: Past, Present, Future

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents an up-to-date annotated list of the herpetofauna of Martinique, and explains the causes responsible for the eradication of species such as Leptodactylus fallax, Boa sp. and Leiocephalus herminieri. Mabuya mabouya and Liophis cursor have not been seen for decades and may have been extirpated. It cannot be established that the mongoose was responsible; Didelphis marsupialis, of recent introduction, may have played an important role. Introduced and invasive species are numerous in Martinique: Chaunus marinus, Scinax ruber, Eleutherodactylus johnstonei, Gymnophthalmus underwoodi, Iguana iguana, Gekko gecko, Hemidactylus mabouia, without considering escaped pets and the dubious case of Allobates chalcopis as an endemic species. The chapter also presents the restoration plan for Iguana delicatissima in the French West Indies and the conservation work for this species in Martinique; increase of nesting areas, translocation, creation of numerous protected areas, and control of I. iguana..

Keywords: French West Indies; Iguana delicatissima; Leiocephalus herminieri; Leptodactylus fallax; Martinique; terrestrial herpetofauna



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