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The St. Vincent (Lesser Antilles) Herpetofauna: Conservation Concerns

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Chapter Summary

The Lesser Antillean island of St. Vincent harbors 18 species of terrestrial amphibians and reptiles: four frogs, one turtle, ten lizards , and three snakes. In addition, four species of marine turtles are known from the region. Ecological relationships of an introduced frog and an introduced lizard should be monitored in order to evaluate any potentially negative impact on endemic congeners. Two endangered endemic species may benefit from sympatry with the endemic parrot, Amazona guildingii the national bird of St. Vincent, with which they share high-quality upland forest habitat. Like other West Indian herpetofaunas, that on St. Vincent faces threats that include dramatic habitat alterations, introduced predators and competitors, changes in the prey base, and the potential introduction of the chytrid fungus. These threats can best be addressed by development and implementation of effective management programs based on ecological studies by local and foreign biologists.

Keywords: Amazona guildingii; herpetofauna; St. Vincent harbors



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